Throughout history, mathematicians who contributed to the study of curvature and parametric geometry were drawn to those subjects because of their inclusion of shapes reminiscent of natural forms.
According to Professor Antoine Picon from Harvard University, since the 18th century, the importance of geometrical methods in architecture has been gradually discarded by the development of calculus.  Thus, geometry has endured in absence through this transformation of formalizing computation in architectural design and digital art. Before the 16th century, geometry was the major engineering method for constructions. Its use demanded acuity and a broad knowledge of mathematics, philosophy, and craftsmanship. Mathematics from the understanding of geometry concerned the compositions of logistic proportioning rather than the arithmetic of numerical measurements.  Numbers were used mainly for indicating processes and marking proportional segments. This suggests that successful artisan achievements in construction and composition followed well established and systemized rules given the absence of binary/arithmetic based computation.
^Antoine Picon, "Architecture and Mathematics: Between Hubris and Restraint," Architectural Design vol. 81, no. 4 (2011): pp. 28–35.
^ Mario Carpo, "Drawing with Numbers: Geometry and Numeracy in Early Modern Architectural Design," Journal of the Society of Architectural Historian, vol. 62, no. 4 (2003): pp. 448–469.